central and western part of South America facing the
Pacific Ocean on the West.
A total of
496,220 square miles, divided into three main geographic
areas: the Coast, the Highlands and the Jungle.
million of the following ethnic strains: Europeans,
Oriental, African, Indoamerican. In Lima: 7.5 millions.
Spanish with 80% literacy rate.Quechua is also an
official language. Aymara is spoken by people around
lake Titicaca and dozens of languages are spoken by the
native inhabitants of the Amazon basin.
Roman Catholic: 95%. Protestant and others: 5%.
Winter (May-October) average: 14ºC / 57ºF
Summer (November-April) average: 27ºC / 81ºF
Temperatures range from 18ºC / 64ºF during the day to
3ºC / 37º F at night.
The rainy season lasts from December to March.
Hot and humid, with sporadic rains all year round.
The Sol, broken down into 100 centimos. US Dollars are
accepted in Peru's larger cities. Credit cards widely
accepted: VISA, Diners, Master Card, American Express.
Travel checks may be cashed in main hotels. US Dollars
exchange can be made at hotels and banks.
Valid passport; citizens of few countries require visas.
Yellow fever inoculation required for those visiting
some areas of the Amazon basin. Passengers traveling
through Peru to Brazil also require yellow fever
220 volts. Major hotels have 110 volts outlets.
Democracy where the President and Legislative Chamber
are elected every five years.
hotels have casinos, while hotels in Cusco often feature
folklore shows.Restaurants of Lima's districts of
Miraflores and San Isidro offer a variety of cuisine
ranging from traditional Peruvian "Criolla", to
International. Bars and night clubs with live music,
criollo, black and Andean music are a specially popular
in the bohemian district of Barranco.
GMT-5 hours (No change during the Summer).
Security - Peru
- Take normal precautions against pickpockets - Carry a
copy of identification documents. Keep originals and
your valuables in the safety deposit box of your hotel
and make sure to list down what you deposit and verify
the responsibility assumed by the establishment. - Carry
valuables discreetly. Do not carry large amounts of
cash. Keep an eye on your bags and luggage. - Do not
carry suitcases, bags or sac packs on your back. - Do
not exchange money out in the street. - Do not walk
around late at night through areas with poor lighting or
without a companion
Telephone - Peru
- International and long distance national calls can be
made from public pay phones. Country and city codes are
normally shown in the telephone booths. - To make an
international call, dial: 00 + country code + city code
+ telephone number. - To call from one city to the next,
dial: 0 + city code + telephone number. - Public phones
take coins as well as cards, which are sold in stands
and supermarkets. Make sure you are buying the card
corresponding to the telephone company of the phone you
want to use. No collect calls can be made from pay
phones. - To obtain telephone information, dial 103
(service is in Spanish)
Internet - Peru
- The main cities in the country do have public Internet
booths. - The average cost per hour is US$ 1
Health Matters - Peru
- Only drink bottled or previously boiled water. - Be
careful with raw vegetables and fruits. - Avoid eating
from street vendors. - Rest on the first day of your
arrival to the Highlands, and consume light meals to
prevent altitude illness (soroche). Drinking "coca tea"
is recommended. - If you travel to the Highlands or to
the Jungle, make sure to carry insect repellent and a
- To obtain medical services, contact the staff of your
hotel or travel agent. - If you wish to take travelers'
insurance, contact your favorite travel agency.
Banks - Peru
Banking hours in Peru are normally from Monday to
Friday, from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. In addition, most banks
open for the public half day on Saturdays. In the
streets of the main cities there are teller machines
installed by the different banks.
Money Exchange - Peru
EIt is recommended that money should be exchanged in
hotels, banks and authorized money exchange offices
(Service hours: 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m., approximately). The
exchange rate against the US Dollar is variable. Inquire
before changing your money. For exchanging other
currencies inquiry at money exchange offices
Nightlife - Peru
Most of the cities of Peru have a wide variety of night
life entertainment. Information about places of interest
can be obtained where you are staying. If you wish to
enjoy typical Peruvian music, you can visit the
so-called "peñas". In Lima, the most popular
discotheques, pubs and night clubs are in the Districts
of Miraflores, San Isidro and Barranco. In other cities
they are normally found in city centers (main square and
Food and Beverage
- Peru Peruvian cuisine offers a great variety of dishes
typical of the Coast, the Highlands and the Jungle.
Always first ask about their ingredients, since some
dishes can contain hot pepper or be highly spiced. You
will also find establishments where international food
is prepared. As far as drinks are concerned, try the
very Peruvian Pisco (grape brandy) in any of its various
recipes, as well as "chicha morada" (purple corn juice)
"chicha de jora" (fermented red or yellow corn juice)and
agüaje juice, made from a tropical Jungle fruit.
Useful Information - Inca Trail, Treks and Cusco
Weather in Cusco
Cusco has a temperate climate with year round
temperatures fluctuating between 14º - 16ºC, with warm
days and cold nights. The rainy season in Cusco is from
December to March.
Machu Picchu has a semi-tropical climate, with warm and
humid days and cold nights. The rainy season in Machu
Picchu is from November to March, so be prepared.
The wet months are January to April, when roads are
often closed by landslides or flooding.
The best months for visiting Machu Picchu are from April
We Recommend you to:
- Use boots during treks and sneakers during long walks.
- Drinking lots of liquids on long excursions, specially
during the Inca Trail
- Always taking an umbrella or rainwear.
What to Bring
- Hiking boots, sneakers and shoes.
- Long pants or slacks
- Long-sleeved shirts.
- Several T-shirts
- Sweaters and a jacket.
- Rain wear (you never know when will rain even if its
the dry season).
- Insect Repellent and sun block (sun is always stronger
in such altitude).
- Personal toilet items.
- Personal first Aid kit.
- Wash kit, water bottle and water purifying tablets.
- A light backpack.
- Change of underwear.
- Gloves, scarf, wool socks and a hat or cap.
- A towel and toilet paper.
The tap water in most of Peru is potable, but the
chemical content varies from place to place. To avoid
problems, we recommend that you always drink bottled
Because you are visiting Andean areas, don't forget to
take precautions to avoid altitude sickness if you are
prone to it. Be sure to try a hot tea or an infusion of
coca leaves on arrival at altitude. During your first
day move slowly and eat lightly, resting the first
couple of hours.
Cusco City: 3,360 m.a.s.l.
Machu Picchu: 2,400 m.a.s.l.
Urubamba Valley: 2,850 m.a.s.l.
Inca Trail highest point: 4,200 m.a.s.l.
The Inca Trail is part of the Machu Picchu Sanctuary, a
protected area of 32,592 hectares, managed by the
National Institute of Natural Resources, INRENA. Every
visitor must obey park regulations prohibiting
littering, cutting or damaging trees, removing or
damaging stones of ruins and the Trail, removing plants,
killing animals, lighting open fires or camping in the
archeological sites (Only authorized campsites can be
If you need any future information about Peru contact